Panic assaults are explained as a sudden flow of suppressing fear which appears at once without any evident cause. Usually it is much more intensive than the sense of stress, which is experienced by many individuals. Common signs count smashing heartbeat, abnormal sweating, troublesome breathing, feeling breathless or fright of dying. Moreover, panic assaults are characterized by these features:
- it can happen suddenly, without any preventive signs or impossibility to stop it easily;
- the fear itself usually does not correspond to the actual case, it also is often unconnected with the situation;
- as a rule, it disappears after several minutes, but attacks can repeat and continue to come back for some hours.
Whereas the exact reasons of panic assaults are unknown, a huge number of clinical researches have been provided on this issue. Noted among the causes are irregular processes of the amygdala segment of the brain, the acts of the essential chemical serotonin, and investigated responses to stress factors.
What criteria are counted while diagnosing panic assault?
Scientists have investigated factors which help to detect panic assault. The main fact to be considered is a single period of high fright or discomfort, in which at least five of the below signs appeared suddenly and came a peak in 10 minutes:
- irregular heartbeat or pounding heart;
- abnormal sweating;
- acute trembling;
- sense of smothering;
- ache or feeling discomfort in chest;
- dizziness or faint;
- derealization or depersonalization;
- feeling like mad or losing control over the situation;
- fright of death.
Panic assaults get a high level in ten minutes and usually continue for 10-15 minutes. Nevertheless, they can repeat fast, and once sings reduce, an acute anxiety may not ease off for some hours.
Common reasons of panic assaults
Most of bases of panic assaults are actually similar to those for panic sickness. Unfortunately, it is unknown precisely what induces panic attacks or why some individuals are more receptive than others. Some scientists suppose that the reasons are completely in the human brain, while other doctors think that the origin lies in sufferers’ environment and how they react to it.
A great number of psychologists believe that this type of psychic sickness belongs to both anatomy factor and psychological state. The interaction between genes, brain chemicals, and an individual’s past and the current environment is the core, which induces panic assaults.
How dangerous can be a panic assault?
Several scientists, who study this illness, say that panic assaults as well as panic complication are a “stunt” played on the sufferer. It forces an individual to think that these diseases are dangerous to health. By this means, they may think that they have a heart attack, become mad, or even going to die. The only hazard can be when the patient has the undiagnosed disease and panic attack mimics like this disease. Thus, customer may stay without needed treatment and get acute problems with health.
Sometimes followers think that their responses need medical advice and anti-anxiety preparations. These meds are often indicated for the above mentioned states: Lyrica, Xanax, Ativan, Lexapro, Neurontin, Klonopin, Prozac, Celexa or others.